Original Research

The sexual and reproductive health needs of young people living with HIV in Gauteng, South Africa

Bandile E. Ndlazi, Thembekile Masango
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine | Vol 23, No 1 | a1377 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhivmed.v23i1.1377 | © 2022 Bandile E. Ndlazi, Thembekile Masango | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 February 2022 | Published: 06 September 2022

About the author(s)

Bandile E. Ndlazi, Department of Health Studies, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Thembekile Masango, Department of Health Studies, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: HIV has been the focus of health systems strengthening in South Africa for the past two decades. Despite progress, sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges such as contraception, condom usage and HIV disclosure of young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) remain inadequately addressed. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to describe the SRH needs of YPLHIV and make recommendations to address identified gaps.

Objectives: To explore and describe the SRH needs and potential systemic gaps of YPLHIV with an aim to make recommendations for improvement and contribute to the development of an integrated approach to SRH care in HIV programming.

Method: A quantitative cross-sectional research design with purposive sampling was utilised. YPLHIV were recruited from five healthcare facilities in Gauteng, South Africa, for face-to-face interviews.

Results: One hundred and six YPLHIV with a median age of 18 years were enrolled. A large proportion (57/106; 53.8%) of respondents reported being either single or double orphaned. Sex-related discussions with parents were reported by only 36/106 (34.0%). History of teenage pregnancy was reported in 39/70 (56.0%) of female respondents. A high prevalence of multiple sexual partnerships 41/97 (42.2%) was noted. Consensual partner HIV disclosure was low at 47/97 (48.4%) and the male gender was associated with low 10/35 (28.6%) disclosure of serostatus to sexual partners.

Conclusion: Multiple SRH needs were identified. Interventions are needed to improve parental guidance on SRH issues, increase contraception knowledge and access, and provide better male-centred care.


Keywords

sexual and reproductive health; HIV; young people; contraception; HIV disclosure

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