Review Article

A review of the use of blood and blood products in HIV-infected patients

Karen van den Berg
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine | Vol 13, No 2 | a146 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhivmed.v13i2.146 | © 2012 South African National Blood Service (Chairperson: Karen van den Berg) | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 December 2012 | Published: 07 June 2012

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Karen van den Berg, South African National Blood Service, South Africa

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Abstract

Despite numerous publications on the appropriate use of blood and blood products, few specifically consider the role of transfusion in the management of HIV. This review is a synthesis of conditions encountered in the management of HIV-infected patients where the transfusion of blood or blood products may be indicated. A consistent message emerging from the review is that the principles of transfusion medicine do not differ between HIV-negative and -positive patients. The aim of the review is to provide clinicians with a practical and succinct overview of the haematological abnormalities and clinical circumstances most commonly encountered in the HIV setting, while focusing on the rational and appropriate use of blood and blood products for HIV patients. Important ethical considerations in dealing with both the collection and transfusion blood and blood products in the HIV era have also been addressed. S Afr J HIV Med 2012;13(2):87-103.

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Crossref Citations

1. The impact of HIV-associated anaemia on the incidence of red blood cell transfusion: Implications for blood services in HIV-endemic countries
Karin van den Berg, Edward L. Murphy, Lelanie Pretorius, Vernon J. Louw
Transfusion and Apheresis Science  vol: 51  issue: 3  first page: 10  year: 2014  
doi: 10.1016/j.transci.2014.10.012