Case Report

Gastro-intestinal Mycobacterium avium complex as a cause of anaemia

Annemarie van de Vyver, Adele Visser
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine | Vol 11, No 2 | a229 | DOI: | © 2010 Annemarie van de Vyver, Adele Visser | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 December 2010 | Published: 04 November 2010

About the author(s)

Annemarie van de Vyver, Department Internal Medicine, Kalafong Hospital, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Adele Visser, University of Pretoria / National Health Laboratory Services, South Africa

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Anaemia is a relatively common finding in HIV-positive patients, with rates (among females) as high as 37%, compared with their HIV negative counterparts (17%). Anaemia of chronic disease plays a very important role in this population group, and is estimated to occur in 18 - 95% of cases. For this reason, it is imperative to distinguish this condition from other underlying or concurrent causes of anaemia that may warrant treatment. This clinical case illustrates the value of critically evaluating the parameters of a full blood count and haematinic screen, to so determine which patients warrant further workup.


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