Original Research

Sexual behaviours, awareness and perceptions towards voluntary medical male circumcision among students in Dr Kenneth Kaunda District, South Africa

Sam Mndzebele, Lebogang G. Matonyane
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine | Vol 20, No 1 | a846 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhivmed.v20i1.846 | © 2019 Sam Mndzebele, Lebogang Matonyane | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 February 2018 | Published: 22 May 2019

About the author(s)

Sam Mndzebele, School of Public Health, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa
Lebogang G. Matonyane, School of Public Health, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) is regarded as the most cost-effective intervention in reducing female-to-male transmission of HIV in countries where heterosexual transmission is the most prevalent mode of infection.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the awareness, sexual behaviours and perceptions of college students in Dr Kenneth Kaunda District, South Africa.

Method: A cross-sectional design was engaged among a sample of 400 students selected using a stratified random sampling method. Descriptive data analysis was engaged to analyse data using STATA 13.

Results: The mean age of the respondents was 23 years. About 50% of the respondents were below the age of 23 years. The majority among the ethnic groups were black people and or African people (87.5%), followed by people of mixed race (8.1%). Most of the students belonged to the Christian religion (94.7%), and about 91.3% were single, while only 6.0% lived with their partners. Among those who were circumcised, a majority (78.0%) had undergone the MMC. About 76.5% of those residing in urban areas, and 80.6% residing in rural areas were circumcised. About 90.3% of the participants had good awareness about VMMC. About 77.3% of the participants disagreed that VMMC reduces the size of the penis, while 57.0% felt that VMMC provides an individual with the status of being a real man in society. Only 14.3% felt that VMMC exposes the penis to environmental hazards. While almost half (47.7%) of the cohort had one sexual partner, about 20.9% had three or more sexual partners.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that there is a high level of awareness on VMMC among college students in relation to its positive role towards reducing STIs and the enhancement of penile hygiene.


Keywords

Voluntary medical male circumcision; Sexual-behaviours; Awareness; Perceptions; HIV testing

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