Original Research

Pattern of pericardial diseases in HIV-positive patients at University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Umar Abubakar, P O Adeoye, O A Adebo, V O Adegboye, E B Kesieme, E K Okonta
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine | Vol 12, No 2 | a194 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhivmed.v12i2.194 | © 2011 Umar Abubakar, P O Adeoye, O A Adebo, V O Adegboye, E B Kesieme, E K Okonta | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 December 2011 | Published: 26 May 2011

About the author(s)

Umar Abubakar,
P O Adeoye,
O A Adebo,
V O Adegboye,
E B Kesieme,
E K Okonta,


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Rationale. Pericarditis has been reported as the most common cardiac complication of HIV disease, followed by pericardial effusion.

Methods. A retrospective review was conducted of all 68 patients treated for pericardial diseases between August 2003 and July 2008 at University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. HIV-positive patients (N=42) were compared with those who were HIV negative (N=26).

Results. More male than female patients presented with pericardial disease, and the HIV-positive patients were younger than those who were HIV negative. Pericardial effusion was the commonest mode of presentation, accounting for 20 HIV-positive patients (47.7%) and 13 HIV-negative patients (50%). Pericardiostomy was the commonest surgical intervention performed in HIV-positive patients (N=15), while the majority of HIV-negative patients had pericardiocentesis.

Conclusion. Pericardial effusion was the commonest cardiac presentation in HIV-positive patients in our setting. We recommend that patients with pericardial effusion be investigated for HIV infection.

Keywords

No related keywords in the metadata.

Metrics

Total abstract views: 1506
Total article views: 4518

 

Crossref Citations

1. Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Acquired Heart Failures Amenable to Surgical Interventions in the Sub-Saharan Africa
Kelechi E. Okonta
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery  vol: 04  issue: 07  first page: 116  year: 2014  
doi: 10.4236/wjcs.2014.47018