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Research gaps in neonatal HIV-related care

Mary-Ann Davies
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine | Vol 16, No 1 | a375 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhivmed.v16i1.375 | © 2015 Mary-Ann Davies | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 March 2015 | Published: 20 May 2015

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Mary-Ann Davies, Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Research, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town,, South Africa


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Abstract

The South African prevention of mother to child transmission programme has made excellentprogress in reducing vertical HIV transmission, and paediatric antiretroviral therapyprogrammes have demonstrated good outcomes with increasing treatment initiation inyounger children and infants. However, both in South Africa and across sub-Saharan African,lack of boosted peri-partum prophylaxis for high-risk vertical transmission, loss to followup,and failure to initiate HIV-infected infants on antiretroviral therapy (ART) before diseaseprogression are key remaining gaps in neonatal HIV-related care. In this issue of the Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine, experts provide valuable recommendations for addressingthese gaps. The present article highlights a number of areas where evidence is lacking toinform guidelines and programme development for optimal neonatal HIV-related care.


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