Case Report

Survival after Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia requiring ventilation: A case report

Gladness Nethathe, Nirav Patel
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine | Vol 17, No 1 | a474 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhivmed.v17i1.474 | © 2016 Gladness Nethathe, Nirav Patel | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 March 2016 | Published: 31 October 2016

About the author(s)

Gladness Nethathe, Intensive Care Unit, Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, South Africa
Nirav Patel, Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa


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Abstract

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with a high mortality rate, which increases substantially with the need for mechanical ventilation. Local experience of patients with PCP admitted to the intensive care unit has revealed mortality rates close to 100%. We present a case of a 39-year-old HIV-infected man diagnosed with PCP who was successfully weaned from mechanical ventilation after presenting with respiratory distress and severe hypoxaemia. A short review of the literature will also be presented.

Keywords

HIV/AIDS; Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia; Ventilation

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